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From Georgia Tragedy to Oklahoma Frontier


From Georgia Tragedy to Oklahoma Frontier
A Biography of Scots Creek Indian Chief Chilly McIntosh

Billie Jane McIntosh

Many of the early 18th and 19th century Scots settlers of the southeastern United States intermarried and formed partnerships with the Native Americans of that region. These mixed-blood alliances produced talented Indian leaders, an exceptional group of unsung heroes who performed vital services for their people. They negotiated and translated during peace treaties, maintained traditional values, and formed valuable alliances, some of which have persisted to the present day.

Chilly McIntosh, son of legendary Chief William McIntosh, Jr., was one of these leaders. With roots in both ancient Scotland and the Creek Wind Clan, he was the perfect amalgam of both cultures. As elected Chief of his tribal township, he made efforts to straddle the divide between both the traditional and progressive factions, while at the same time performing duties as Clerk of the Creek Tribal Council. Finally accepting the inevitable fact that his people were being displaced from their long-established lands, he made every effort to see that they were treated fairly and respectively during their journey west.

This account of the life of McIntosh, written by his great-great granddaughter, expertly weaves his personal story into the general saga of the Creek people. From his youth in the Indian towns of the southeast to his ultimate relocation to the Oklahoma lands that were to be is final home, the many facets of his long and varied life are explored in detail. We learn of the controversial death of his father, Chilly's participation in the recording of the Laws of the Creek Tribe, his visit with General Lafayette, the role he assumed while leading his people west, his life as a Civil War Colonel, and his final service as a Baptist minister.

Illustrated with line drawings and numerous family photographs, this chronicle of Chilly McIntosh is the ultimate story of triumph in the face of adversity, one to be cherished and savored by those who admire the strength of the human spirit.


Format: 6" x 9" perfect bound paperback on acid-free creme paper with gloss laminate cover
Interior: 204  pages, including table of contents, introduction, family album, bibliography and index
Illustrations: many historical images, maps, photographs and line drawings
ISBN  13: 978-0-9753667-8-3
Price: $18.95

About the Author

From Georgia Tragedy author Billie Jane McIntosh

Billie Jane McIntosh, a former college educator and counselor, began writing as a retirement avocation. As an educator, she wrote several academic papers that were published. Since retirement, she has enjoyed developing her creativity by writing poetry, essays, and Ah-Ko-Kee, American Sovereign
, a book which she self-published in 2002. After conducting more in-depth study of Creek Indian history, Ms. McIntosh believes that this new book, a biography of her great-great grandfather, Chilly McIntosh, reveals an interesting and enlightening look into the times of a changing culture which took place almost 200 years ago.   

Early in life, the author became acutely aware that her father, Army Sgt. William F. McIntosh, was part Muscogee/Creek Indian, and part Scots. However, she also learned to conceal her heritage because of the racial prejudice that existed in her community. She enjoyed the time spent with her Creek relatives when her family traveled to farms in eastern Oklahoma on summer vacations. But upon returning home, she couldn’t talk about her relatives because she feared white supremacy attitudes. 

Many years later she learned to be proud of her Native heritage. She was married, with a young family, when she received an information request mailed to her by a distant cousin who was compiling a Chief McIntosh family tree. She began interviewing relatives, and soon started a McIntosh family file. Gradually, she began to dream of the time when she could write about her Muscogee/Creek heritage. That time had to be postponed for almost 40 years, while she supported her four children.

Ms. McIntosh, divorced since 1967, has two sons, Jim McCormick, and Jay McCormick, each living in nearby Flagstaff, Arizona. One son, Jeff McCormick, died in 1996. Her only daughter, Julia McCormick, lives in Hawaii, and provides her with an exciting vacation every two years. By son Jay, the author has two granddaughters, busy finding careers, who visit her when time permits. Her many friends provide companionship for traveling, dining out, and conversation. The author reads many magazines and books; and she admits to being as much of a “bookworm” as when she was a child.


"I made a trip to Seattle this last week and took along your new book on Chilly McIntosh.  It is a great book.  Thanks for writing it.  It is the best overview and description of the murder of Williams McIntosh, Jr. I've read.  You had some materials that I had not seen before...."

- Gary L. McIntosh

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This product was added to our catalog on Thursday 21 July, 2011.

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