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Tomahawks and Treaties


Tomahawks and Treaties
Micajah Callaway and the Struggle for the Ohio River Valley

Rex Callaway

The settlement of the Ohio River Valley was a bitter contest between Native Americans who had inhabited that region for centuries and settlers from the east eager for new land and opportunity.

Micajah Callaway’s life story is a perfect backdrop to expand on the series of historic incidents that unfolded around him during these exciting and dangerous times. From the vantage point of an ordinary man caught up in the middle of an extraordinary chain of events, the author, his direct descendant, has described the battles, broken treaties, politics and intrigues that characterized the relationships between the conflicting parties on both sides.

Born near Lynchburg in Bedford County, Virginia, Micajah’s family included Uncle Richard and brother Flanders, both of whom were members of Daniel Boone's famous trailblazing party that cut the Wilderness Road into Kentucky and founded Boonesborough in 1775. In the Spring of 1777, Micajah ran away from home to join a militia company that marched to the relief of Boonesborough. He then enlisted in Captain Daniel Boone's KentuckyCounty militia company that was captured by Shawnee Chief Black Fish and his warriors while they were making salt at the Lower Blue Licks. Daniel Boone and Micajah were subsequently adopted into the Shawnee Nation. While Boone escaped to return to , Micajah lived on with the Shawnee for several years, learning their language and customs in the process. He later returned to his former world and served as a scout and interpreter for Brigadier General George Rogers Clark, Major General Richard Butler, and Major General "Mad Anthony” Wayne. As a result, Callaway became an active participant in the ensuing diplomatic negotiations and treaties that took place with the Shawnee Nation during the last quarter of the eighteenth century.

Striving for accuracy and authenticity, the author has included a series of 30 detailed maps, as well as photographs and artwork, in an effort to help the reader visualize the stage on which this drama took place.

This unusually well-researched and balanced account will be savored and enjoyed by readers who want an understanding of the issues encountered on both sides of the struggle for the Ohio River Valley. They will gain a thorough and objective view of the history of this area, and a greater sympathy and understanding for the survivors of the brave Shawnee Nation.


Format: 6” x 9” perfect bound paperback on acid-free white paper
Pages: 476, including table of contents, acknowledgments, foreword, bibliography and complete index
Illustrations: Historical images, 30 detailed maps, and artwork by the well-known frontier artist John Buxton.
ISBN 10: 0-9842256-9-2
ISBN 13: 978-0-9842256-9-9
LCCN: 2010935482
Price: $22.95

About the Author

Rex Callaway, author of "Tomahawks and Treaties"

Rex Callaway was born in Onarga, Illinois in 1950 and grew up in both Illinois and Indiana. He earned a B.A. In English Literature in 1973 from Indiana University at the Bloomington campus, and in 1976 a J.D. from the Indiana University School of Law.  He has been employed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Navy as a federal environmental attorney since 1977. Rex and his family currently live in Poway, California, a suburb of San Diego.

From the earliest days of his childhood Rex was immersed in family oral history stories about Daniel Boone, the Callaway family,  and the late eighteenth century Ohio River Valley Indian wars.  He set out on a quest to research and validate the family oral history in 1997 and eventually focused his effort upon reconstructing the life story of his great-great-gereat grandfather Micajah Callaway. Rex's research process reveals the compelling story of his life and times, and provides modern historians with heretofore unknown information about individuals that he was in contact with during his long and adventurous life.

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This product was added to our catalog on Tuesday 17 May, 2011.

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